Linux vs MacOS: A Comprehensive Comparison


 (NEWSLINE PAPER),-  Comparing Windows with Mac has become too mainstream, as well as articles discussing the comparison of Windows with Linux (Linux Distro). Then what about articles that discuss the comparison of Mac with Linux? This seems to be less exposed.


This is because Mac and Linux Distro users are a minority, especially at the desktop user level. The desktop computer market is dominated by Windows PCs and laptops, whether it's original Windows or pirated. Usually, people use Mac or Linux purely because of intention, or because there are specific needs. Industry standards, even up to the curriculum, all use Windows.


Some say macOS and Linux are similar, some even say Mac and Linux are actually siblings. Is that right? What is the difference between Mac and Linux?


History of Linux and macOS


Before reading this history, I remind you to read it calmly, no need to rush because this writing will be very long even though I will try to write it concisely, hehe. Some terms that are difficult later I will provide an anchor link to Wikipedia so you can read it further. How? Are you ready to read it? Okay, continue...


Although macOS and Linux do not have a "blood tie", macOS and Linux have a fairly connected history with each other. Unlike Windows which is different from macOS and also Linux. Then how is the history of macOS with Linux?


This story began when the AT&T Bell laboratory created an operating system called Unix. Unix was eventually adopted by many companies and became popular. At that time there were no other operating systems besides Unix. Automatically, there was a monopoly everywhere. Worse yet, this Unix is closed and paid.


This is the History and Difference between Mac and Linux


The University of California at Berkeley is one of the parties that bought a copy of the Unix operating system. At this time, buying and selling software is really getting the full source code and we are free to do anything on the software we buy. Unlike buying and selling software in today's era where we actually buy a license or permission to use rather than buying the software.



Until one day the University of California at Berkeley in the United States made their own version of Unix which they called Barkeley Unix, and then officially named Berkeley Software Distribution or more popularly abbreviated as BSD. BSD still shares the same code as the original Unix from AT&T.


BSD has more features than the original version of Unix. And in the end it became a very popular Unix. Various variants of BSD appeared, ranging from FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, SunOS (from Sun Microsystem), and others. Well, there is one more variant of BSD, which unfortunately was not too popular at that time. He is NeXTSTEP, an operating system made by a company founded by Steve Jobs, namely NeXT.


Just information for those of you who don't know, Apple was indeed founded by Steve Jobs. But Steve Jobs was also fired from Apple due to internal problems. Instead of giving up, Steve Jobs instead founded the NeXT company in 1985 which eventually developed NeXTSTEP, a Unix-based operating system developed from BSD.


This is the History and Difference between Mac and Linux


Apple, which was almost bankrupt at the time, then bought NeXT in 1997, and automatically Steve Jobs, the leader of NeXT, returned to Apple. Finally, Apple combined the Mach Microkernel kernel with BSD Unix on NeXTSTEP, and Mac OS X was created in the early 2000s, which has now changed its name to macOS.


This is the History and Difference between Mac and Linux



The status of Mac OS X as a Unix-based operating system doesn't seem to have satisfied Apple yet. Apple wants to make it "official" by registering OS X with the Open Group to get a certificate.

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