A strange glowing red planet full of active volcanoes has been found.


,- Scientists have discovered a strange, glowing red extrasolar planet called TOI-6713.01, which contains active volcanoes ready to erupt.

A newly discovered planet in a distant star system is undergoing a terrible volcanic eruption with a huge number of mountains. The planet seems to shine red and light when seen from outer space.

No such planet has been discovered before, and further observations are needed to confirm the presence of such a strange red ball.

The newly discovered planet, TOI-6713.01 is the deepest planet in its star system, with two other known plaques orbiting the orange frog star about 66 light-years from Earth.

The rocky planet is slightly larger than Earth and orbits a five-billion-year-old star every 2.2 Earth days. Astronomers this finding in a study published in The Astronomical Journal in April 2024.

Observations with NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) hunting the extrasolar planet show that the surface of the planet TOI-6713.01 is covered with liquid lava from hundreds of volcanoes spilled into its surface.

The temperature is over 2,300 degrees Celsius.

"This means the planet is actually shining at optical wavelengths," said Stephen Kane, an astrophysicist at the University of California, Riverside who led the discovery, quoted Universe Today as saying.

Astronomers say the neighbouring planets, which orbit a star from a distance, have gravitatively affected the orbit of the planet TOI-6713.01 from a circle to an oval.

So, in its short orbit around the star, TOI-6713.01 is constantly pulled and driven by the gravity of its two neighbouring planets and its central star.

It created what astronomers described as a "perfect recession storm."

This attraction triggered an enormous internal friction and heat inside the planet, which was eventually released through a volcanic eruption on its surface.

If the existence of TOI-6713.01 is confirmed by advanced observations, then this could be an interesting target for studying the effects of the extreme retreat that the planet is experiencing. However, such dynamics are not currently the focus of extrasolar planetary research.

In the next few months, Kane and his team will measure the mass of a planet emitting, and find out how much material is available to erupt as a volcano, as well as uncovering clues about how this hot world formed and evolved. 

Source : Space, Universe Today
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